The UN Declaration and Sustainable Development: Indigenous Peoples’ Human Rights and Ecological Knowledge
Human rights are at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This is reflected in the Agenda’s explicit commitments to “realize the human rights of all”, the relevance and significance of the various sustainable development goals to fulfillment of human rights, and the Agenda’s broader call that sustainable development must be inclusive of historically marginalized and disadvantaged individuals and groups.
The Sustainable Development Goals have particular significance for Indigenous peoples who are striving to overcome decades and centuries of economic, social and political marginalization and dispossession. Implementation of Agenda 2030 and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples are undeniably interconnected and interdependent. Fulfillment of Canada’s commitments under Agenda 2030 and in respect to the UN Declaration requires a critical understanding of how they are interrelated.